Culture Shock!


After having my meeting with our professor, she really got me thinking and was able to help me refocus on what needs to be thought of for my video to be interesting, meaning, and a good representation of the leadership that we had learned from this semester.

She asked me some questions about what kind of leadership I wrote about, and what I wanted to do in my life, and what am I passionate about. I am passionate about culture and my dream would be an event planner for UNESCO, working on international conferences on cross-culture and socio-cultural issues. With this she was able to narrow down my focus to Internationalism and that the ideal audience would be International students: Possibly their orientation at SDSU. I loved her suggestion and decided to do my presentation geared to an international audience and related to the culture clash they will feel being away from home in a yet alien culture to be experienced.


The mind has exactly the same power as the hands; not merely to grasp the world, but to change it. ~Colin Wilson



1. What have you Learned about Leadership Theory?

So far in this semester, from HTM 491, I have learned how there are various theories on leadership focusing on different aspects of traits, personalities, relationships, situations, followers, and so forth. I learned that some theories work well with others, whereas some theories are best under certain circumstances.

2. Make connections between your perspective on leadership now and the Kaleidoscope class in terms of leadership theory.

I have a completely different view of leadership now compared to the time I was taking the HTM 301 Kaleidoscope class. In 301, we covered leadership in the Kaleidoscope model of: Business Savvy, People Savvy, and Self Savvy. I had not put much thought into leadership at that time; thinking vaguely that some people were such great and strong leaders, while others were terrible but influential and charismatic leaders. I thought that there was one very dominant type and that I was not like that. After taking all the other leadership classes and now eventually this final class, I have learned that leadership is very subjective and that there are countless theories. The main thing that I learned that will help me develop my own abilities are to keep in mind that: you do not necessarily have to born with certain traits; leadership depends on the leader, the followers, the situation, and what resources you have available to you. 

3.  Review your leadership map – how do you fit these pieces together.

I wanted to think of something unique and different from the examples we have been discussing in class. I wanted to choose something that I have seen, and experienced, as well as other people in our class who have been at a legal age to go out at night in whatever country could relate to. I am passionate about music and dancing. My leadership map was of a nightclub. There are so many different things taking place; from lining up at the entrance, entering the club, dancing, buying a drink, observing the actions of the bouncers, enjoying the DJ, and so forth. I have often seen various forms of management and leadership styles by different people. A nightclub can be the most excitement that a person can have out of the usual routine, but at the same time it can be a nightmare when the night does not turn out as golden as one had imagined it to be. I think this is much like having a fantastic leader, or not. They can portray different characteristics when facing issues that need deciding or resolving because they have to be prepared from taking care of Divas, to a speaker being blown out, and to a fire breaking out and so forth. The nightclub as a leadership map for me helps me better understand because the night is unpredictable, therefore a lot of thought needs to be put concerning all the possibilities – I had a difficult time as a leader once when I had not expected the worst of the worst to pile on top of each one-by-one.

4.  Explore your classmates’ blogs as well as other leadership theorists/practitioners blogs to get some ideas for how you might want to convey what you think about leadership theory?

Reading my classmates’ blogs, it ensures me that they believe that leadership does involve everything and is not something certified at birth. People have had experiences about some leaders being leaders but for no other reason than they are charismatic; whereas others did not like their leaders but were drawn to their clever decision making and could not help but follow with respect. Leadership may have a dictionary definition but it cannot be described in detail because it is always in a constant flux.

5. What do you want to convey about leadership? What have you learned?

The main point I would like to convey about leadership is that everyone can be a leader if only they can change their mindset and realize their potentials. One must not wait for someone to hand it over to them; one should create the opportunities and mold themselves into a leader they could be.

From all the exciting active learning to the uncomfortable experiences we were put through in our HTM classes, I have learned that one must really put ourselves out there and deal with being outside our comfort zones. Channeling our energy to be weary of our positive side, as well as our negative sides will aid our constant personal development. By focusing on being a better me, I believe that it will only bring me one step closer to being a potential effective leader in the future.

6. What potential contexts might you be needing to convey your leadership perspective? Who is the audience, what is the setting, what would you want to hear from them?

To feel comfortable enough to share my leadership perspective, at first I will need to feel comfortable in my setting, and with the people. I would want it to be a warm environment where people share openly but are careful not to be rude, or to strong in their opinions. I would like to be in a setting where I know each individual quite well.

7.What are you values? How do/did your values shape your thinking on leadership?

There are countless traits that I admire in leaders but I think the main ones that I am drawn to are: Honesty-Integrity, Passion-Drive, Respect-Humility-Compassion, Communication, and Self-awareness/development.

Without honesty and integrity I would not want to be able to form a relationship with the leader. I think that they are crucial in building trust that eventually builds up motivation to support the leader.

To further motivate others, a leader has to have passion and drive. I cannot help but follow a person that I can trust especially if they are bursting with energy and passion for what they believe in. If they are passionate about it, they become influential and infectious.

After establishing this connection and desire to follow, Respect-Humility-Compassion is key to maintaining and building upon the connection people feel to a leader. After the initial excitement, people settle down with the idea of having a leader, but to deepen the relationship; I want them to respect me as I respect them. If a leader shows humility, it signifies to me that they not only care about themselves but they care about the team and the vision as whole. By showing compassion during difficult times this would further develop the bond and motivation in the followers.

“The basic building block of good communications is the feeling that every human being is unique and of value – Unknown.” Without communication, there is no team.

I think Self-awareness/development is fundamental in being a leader. Although some leaders are successful without being aware of the way they are, I think that generally it is important to realize what you do and how it affects others so that either we can learn to enhance it, or to improve any negativities. Being able to continue learning and developing as much as we can about ourselves will empower us to learn as much as possible from others. From this, we will be able to go above and beyond in every aspect. 


8.Given your integration of theory, self, and potential contexts, think about a narrative approach. Where are you? What are you wearing? What is the treatment?

I am in business/casual attire addressing a few people who are already there because they believe in the same cause, or share the same beliefs as me. I would like to talk to people about racism and how the world could become a better place by focusing on better multicultural communication. I would feel more comfortable in a secluded area where everyone will be more focused. It would be an inviting atmosphere where everyone participates and there is a friendly feel where they can share their experiences as well as ask questions. This will show how leadership travels from person to person but at the same time we are all the same too.


9.List 2-3 story ideas – each about 60 seconds that could potentially be used.

1.Example of leadership that shaped your thinking

Sharing negative leadership experiences that chained me in my thoughts

2.Role model/leader that shaped your thinking

My mother, my friends, my teachers, and strangers – I have observed and tried to soak up everything around me for further dwelling, later at my own leisure

3.A time when you practiced leadership and it didn’t go well

While interning at TSIA

4.A time you practiced leadership and it went well

While being a team leader for a group project

5.How your values align with your notion of leadership

I value honesty and being modest over many qualities because sometimes, by being purely honest but also being modest and saying it with respect is revealing a part of being the genuine you to someone. I think this could be a foundation for a bridge of understanding between two people. I try to always be true to what I believe as long as I am not hurting, nor offending other people. By standing by what I say helps people believe and at times depend on me.


10.  Consider what a 4 minute video of a narrative about your leadership perspective might look like. Write an outline with times to guide your narrative writing.

0:00 – 1:00 Introduction: Personal Background

1:00 – 2:00 Leadership Background

2:00 – 3:00 Main lessons learned

3:00 – 4:00 Conclusion: Role models that I wish to be like and why

Leadership Map = Big Picture


Doing the Leadership Map team work in class, I felt very confused and lost. The more we talked about it, the more and more it began to make sense. Our group decided that Leadership was like a Jungle. It was really fun trying to come up with the reasons of why each animal was a type of leadership and drawing it out. It really gave me a different perspective to see things put into a big picture like this. They were changed from theories to actions and experiences I could relate to.

When I had to come up with my own one for the blog, I decided it was best to do something that I was familiar with and had different aspects of it…. Therefore I thought about a Dancefloor… A nightclub! Each time I go out, I am amused how there are so many different forms of interactions, leaderships, and actions going on.

I loved the Fruit Bowl that was draw on the white board when we walked into our classroom, as well as all the others too. It showed me that although there are definitions to each one, they can all be interpreted differently. Just like a chameleon (which we had used in our team leadership map); depending on the situation, the leader, and followers; everything changes their interactions with one another.

Leadership is like a Nightclub


Democratic: This is the kind of leadership that takes at the beginning of the night. The organizer will bring up the options of where to go, when for the night and the whole party thinks together and gives their input on the options.

LMX: When guests are standing in line outside, waiting to go inside a nightclub, there are a few interactions that take place. It often speeds through the phases of stranger, acquaintance, and partnership. One possible scenario: it is cold outside and the line is long. People start talking because it is inevitable since they are in such close vicinity with each other for an extended period of time feeling the same annoyance. Then they become acquainted, and while conversing; they begin to plot together how to get the attention of the bouncer who has been ignoring this line for so long which becomes a partnership.

Situational: The person who takes the cover charge when people walking into the club has to adapt to the situation. If a VIP walks in, they must not ask for cover and be extra polite to them. If a person cannot pay the cover, they must kindly direct them to the next available ATM. If a guest comes in and says they know so-and-so working in the club, they must make quick decisions about what must be done.

Transformational: Are the bouncers who are roaming around trying to transform their attitudes to the people, and the situation. Sometimes they are kind and funny, while at others they are intimidating and aggressive while trying to get control over a bar fight that has broken out.

Charismatic: The sweet/charming person that managesto get the most customers, and tip while working their shift as bartender.

Servant Leader: Is the DJ who is spinning to please the crowd. If the crowd is not happy, they know to change the track or the style of music. They spin to please; while the crowd moves to their commands.

Path Goal: There are two friends; one is upset while the other is listening to them. Next thing they are talking and one has managed to encourage the other to get up and enjoy themselves rather than worry about other things that were on their mind by being directive, goal-clarifying, supportive, and participative. They are having fun dancing.

Trait based: These are the Macho Alpha Male types and Overconfident Alpha Females. They act in a manner that they believe is their divine right to be always be better than everyone else.  They believe they are allowed to condescend other people because they were born with these traits.

Behavior based (MLQ): Is the person who is in front of the mirror complaining and worrying about what they look like when in reality, their friends say otherwise. Then one of them tries to Model, Inspire, Challenge, Enable and Encourage (LPI.)

My Choice: Servant Leadership


The Servant Leadership is a philosophy and a practice of leadership coined and defined by Robert K. Greenleaf. It is about having the desire to “serve” before leading. Priority is given to the needs of the followers and those they serve therefore they achieve successful results.  Servant-leaders are often seen as humble stewards of their organization’s resources: human, financial, and physical.

Great Skills of Servant Leaders:

  • Listening: A servant leader has the motivation to listen actively to followers and to provide support during decision-making.
  • Empathy: Servant-leaders treat followers with respect and appreciation to help aid their personal development.
  • Healing: A servant leader tries to help people solve their problems and conflicts in relationships, because he wants to encourage and support the personal development of each individual.
  • Awareness: A servant leader needs to gain general awareness and especially self-awareness.
  • Persuasion: A Servant Leader does not take advantage of their power and status by coercing compliance; they rather try to convince those they manage.
  • Conceptualization: A Servant Leader has the ability to see beyond the limits of the operating business and also focuses on long term operating goals.


  •  Foresight: Foresight is the ability to foresee the likely outcome of a situation. It enables the servant leader to learn about the past and to achieve a better understanding about the current reality. It also enables the servant leader to identify consequences about the future.
  • Stewardship: CEOs, staffs and trustees have the task to hold their institution in trust for the greater good of society. In conclusion, servant leadership is seen as an obligation to help and serve others. Openness and persuasion are more important than control.
  • Commitment to the growth of people: A servant leader is convinced that people have an intrinsic value beyond their contributions as workers. Therefore, she should nurture the personal, professional and spiritual growth of employees.
  • Building community: A servant leader identifies means to build a strong community within his organization and wants to develop a true community among businesses and institutions.


  • This concept has the potential to influence society in a positive way.
  • Followers are treated with so much respect that they treat customers to exemplary service, therefore they are successful and their clientele is highly loyal.
  • High employee identification with company.
  • Leaders of a company define themselves by their significance to the people.
  • Better performance since Service Leaders empower followers.


  • Difficult to fulfill the many attributes of the “perfect” servant leader.
  • Servant Leadership is seen as a long-term application and needs time for applying.